After gaining huge success in open source Firefox Web browser for desktops and smartphones, Mozilla is now working on new project called “Mozilla Firefox Mobile Operating System”.

Apart from Nokia Symbina and Apple iOS those are in the market from long time, Mozilla is now jumping in the market to compete with new Mobile operating systems such as Samsung Bada, Windows Mobile and obviously Google’s Android OS. This new Operating system is said to be launched in the first quarter of 2013.

Many leading smartphone manufacturers have already showed up their support to build Firefox OS based smartphones. Few of them are TCL Communication Technology (Alcatel) and ZTE who will launch the first devices powered by Firefox Operating system and Snapdragon processors from Qualcomm Incorporated. According to Mozilla, these devices will feature something new that had been never seen before.

Best thing expected from this os is that all apps will be based on HTML5 to access the original capabilities of a device. Apart from this Mozilla also confirmed that these devices will have pretty good support for Near Field Communication (NFC) technique. Mozilla has also made a new Web-based APIs (application programming interfaces) in order to grant access to developers so that they can access device hardware.

“The introduction of the open mobile OS continues the Mozilla mission to promote openness, innovation and opportunity on the Web for users and developers. As billions of users are expected to come online for the first time in the coming years, it is important to deliver a compelling smartphone experience that anyone can use,” said Gary Kovacs, CEO, Mozilla. “The large number of operators and manufacturers now supporting this effort will bring additional resources and diversity to our global offerings.”

As of now, Mozilla has just announced that the first Firefox OS Based smartphones will appear in Brazil by the start of 2013. Launched date in rest other countries is yet unknown but we can hope it by mid 2013.